Yale University

At Yale, we are working to address two important, related issues in training dedicated physician scientists: a) recruiting anesthesia residents with strong scientific backgrounds and a passion for academic medicine, and; b) providing high-quality research training for a sufficient time during residency and afterwards, to allow the trainee to be successful and independent upon completion of training. We recruit highly motivated resident applicants having scientific backgrounds into our Research Scholars Program (RSP). Research Scholar candidates are identified, evaluated and recruited during medical school, during their application process for residency. Matriculated Research Scholars are given structured guidance and mentorship during the CA-1 through CA-3 years, on choosing a laboratory, mentor and a project. Research Scholars are also given time to devote to research, including 6 months during the CA-3 year, to learn techniques and develop their projects. After the CA-3 year, Research Scholars typically enter the T32 post-doctoral program, which provides another two years of full-time research training. This comprehensive research training program, spanning CA-1 through the completion of the T32, allows trainees to be extremely well positioned to go onto independent careers as physician scientists.

The T32 post-doctoral training program employs five tracks. All trainees are involved full-time, 40 hours per week, in research training, whether it be laboratory research, didactic training, preparing manuscripts and grants, or attending meetings and conferences. Mentors have been strategically selected, and have the following qualities: i) history of outstanding training and mentorship – for younger mentors, a history of excellent interactions with junior house staff and an exciting and clinically relevant research program are deemed sufficient for inclusion; ii) research focus in one or more of the five selected training tracks; iii) clear desire to train productive clinician scientists in Anesthesia. While some mentors’ interests fall clearly into one of the five tracks, many mentors have research foci that fall into more than one track. Trainers with emphasis in more than one track were chosen by design, in order to drive integration and cross-talk among trainees in the various tracks.