State University of New York at Buffalo

The goal of the Anesthesiology Research Training (ART) Program is to provide exceptionally talented MDs, MD-PhDs, and PhDs with an opportunity to combine high level scientific and medical training to produce a synergistic translational research experience. The curriculum is designed to integrate research experiences with translational science germane to Anesthesiology, and to provide the trainee with the skills needed for an academic career as a physician scientist or investigator. We strongly believe that positive experiences in our program will help inculcate in the trainees the sense of excitement and satisfaction from a career in science and academic Anesthesiology. Additionally, we also encourage our trainees to develop time management skills to enhance their productivity, which will serve them well for the remainder of their careers. Finally, we provide the opportunity to integrate basic science and clinical knowledge through a flexible curriculum, attendance at departmental and school-wide seminar series, grand rounds, attendance at national meetings, and interactions with a large number of investigators and physician scientists. This program is directed toward helping the trainees prepare for a career in which they will excel as both an investigator and an educator. But this is only the first step in their training. We also provide guidance and encouragement for our trainees involving the development of their academic careers. The Research Training Committee will discuss with each trainee future career choices, opportunities at various institutions and recommendations regarding certain programs. This will include discussions regarding tentative career goals and different tracts to accomplish the trainee’s objectives. In this way our ART Program will take an active role to ensure placement of trainees into academic environments with a commitment to excellence in research, as well as clinical care, thereby improving the likelihood that the trainee will become a successful, independently funded, physician scientist or investigator.

The UB ART Program has evolved over time into four different tracts. The first three tracts are specifically designed to develop physician scientists. These include two fellowship tracts within the Anesthesiology residency and a post residency research fellowship. The fourth tract is a post-doctoral fellowship designed for investigators with a PhD, who have a strong interest in research that will further the practice of Anesthesiology. Two conventional fellowship tracts involve two years of research training one as an extension of 6 months of research during the residency and one for trainees who have completed residency. These tracts are designed for physicians with somewhat limited research background prior to becoming a resident. Another residency tract is designed specifically for trainees with significant research experience before starting residency. This would include primarily MD-PhD students, but could also be offered to MDs with an expanded research experience prior to residency. This Anesthesiology Physician Scientist Development Program (PSDP) has research combined with the clinical training (rather than following residency). This model has been previously described by Drs. Knight and Warltier. We have also obtained approval from the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) for this integrated track, and have successfully recruited UB MD-PhD graduates and students from other MSTPs to be the first trainees in our Anesthesiology PSDP. In the PSDP, clinical time will be adjusted to allow the resident to perform research and take whatever additional coursework is deemed necessary for their development as a physician scientist. The clinical experience in our department easily allows for the residents to log the required number of index cases and satisfy 6 core competencies. Thus, our Residency Program is flexible and can be tailored to the interests and scientific needs of a given resident.

Finally, we also have a post-doctoral research training tract directed at investigators with a PhD, who have a strong interest and commitment in anesthesiology research. These PhD scientists will develop a strong translational aspect to their research and understand the clinical practice of anesthesiology to interact with physicians in order to advance the field, and support clinical studies performed by physicians. An intense, two year, research experience will be provided together with a didactic component. In this unique program both PhD scientists and physician scientists will be involved in clinical or translational laboratory research resulting in peer-reviewed publications and hypothesis-driven grant submissions of impact in anesthesiology and perioperative medicine. Clearly, based on these four tracks, integration of the trainee would depend on the nature of the research interests and preferences of the individual, and timing of entrance into our program.

Click here to download the T32 program recruiting brochure.